Food and meal policies and guidelines in kindergartens in Norway and China: a comparative analysis
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonCiren, B. (2021). Food and meal policies and guidelines in kindergartens in Norway and China: A comparative analysis. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 29(4), 601–616. 10.1080/1350293X.2021.1941170
Kindergarten has the potential to influence children’s food choices and habits at an early age and prevent nutrition-related diseases later in life. This paper comparatively analyzed the goals and requirements for kindergarten food and meal policies and guidelines in Norway and China based on the author’s self-constructed ‘NES’ analytical framework, including nutritional, educational, and social aspects. The findings suggest that while Norway and China both acknowledge the importance of nutritional importance of food and meals in kindergartens, Norway has paid significant attention to the social aspects of meals. There were also a number of differences between Norway and China in terms of specific educational goals related to food and meals. This analysis aimed to inform future policy direction across the fields of public health and educational policy and practice in Norway, China, and beyond.