A Survey on SAR and Optical Satellite Image Registration
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionRemote Sensing. 2023, 15 (3), . 10.3390/rs15030850
After decades of research, automatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR)-optical registration remains an unsolved problem. SAR and optical satellites utilize different imaging mechanisms, resulting in imagery with dissimilar heterogeneous characteristics. Transforming and translating these characteristics into a shared domain has been the main challenge in SAR-optical matching for many years. Combining the two sensors will improve the quality of existing and future remote sensing applications across multiple industries. Several approaches have emerged as promising candidates in the search for combining SAR and optical imagery. In addition, recent research has indicated that machine learning-based approaches have great potential for filling the information gap posed by utilizing only one sensor type in Earth observation applications. However, several challenges remain, and combining them is a multi-step process where no one-size-fits-all approach is available. This article reviews traditional, state-of-the-art, and recent development trends in SAR-optical co-registration methods.