Effects of COVID-19 Infection Control Measures on the Festival and Event Sector in Poland and Norway
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionJaniszewska, D., Hannevik Lien, V., Kloskowski, D., Ossowska, L., Dragin-Jensen, C., Strzelecka, M., & Kwiatkowski, G. (2021). Effects of COVID-19 Infection Control Measures on the Festival and Event Sector in Poland and Norway. Sustainability, 13(23), 13265. 10.3390/su132313265
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a strong impact on the functioning of the event industry. This article aims to present the impact of infection control measures on the event sector. In addition, the article compares the infection control measures implemented in Poland and Norway. The COVID-19 infection measures analysis is the first stage of a project to build the resilience of the event sector. The study was conducted based on secondary data (analysis of documents and public statistics, with the support of the literature). The research used the descriptive method and comparisons. The results of the study confirmed the following research hypotheses according to which: (1) uncertainty is conducive to overreactions, both of the government and entities from the event sector; (2) mutual trust between government and society reduces the need for restrictions; and (3) the lack of mutual trust between government and society increases uncertainty. Furthermore, the inability to meet people, limited access to culture, and the need to work from home contributed to the deterioration of societies’ quality of life and mental health. This means that the pandemic has an adverse impact on achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 3 and 8).