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dc.contributor.authorJohnsen, Tone Langjordet
dc.contributor.authorEriksen, Hege Randi
dc.contributor.authorIndahl, Aage
dc.contributor.authorTveito, Torill Helene
dc.identifier.citationJohnsen, T. L., Eriksen, H. R., Indahl, A., & Tveito, T. H. (2017). Directive and nondirective social support in the workplace – is this social support distinction important for subjective health complaints, job satisfaction, and perception of job demands and job control? Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 46(3), 358-367.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractAims: Social support is associated with well-being and positive health outcomes. However, positive outcomes of social support might be more dependent on the way support is provided than the amount of support received. A distinction can be made between directive social support, where the provider resumes responsibility, and nondirective social support, where the receiver has the control. This study examined the relationship between directive and nondirective social support, and subjective health complaints, job satisfaction and perception of job demands and job control. Methods: A survey was conducted among 957 Norwegian employees, working in 114 private kindergartens (mean age 40.7 years, SD = 10.5, 92.8% female), as part of a randomized controlled trial. This study used only baseline data. A factor analysis of the Norwegian version of the Social Support Inventory was conducted, identifying two factors: nondirective and directive social support. Hierarchical regression analyses were then performed. Results: Nondirective social support was related to fewer musculoskeletal and pseudoneurological complaints, higher job satisfaction, and the perception of lower job demands and higher job control. Directive social support had the opposite relationship, but was not statistically significant for pseudoneurological complaints. Conclusions: It appears that for social support to be positively related with job characteristics and subjective health complaints, it has to be nondirective. Directive social support was not only without any association, but had a significant negative relationship with several of the variables. Nondirective social support may be an important factor to consider when aiming to improve the psychosocial work environment.nb_NO
dc.publisherSAGE Publicationsnb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse-Ikkekommersiell 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectsocial supportnb_NO
dc.subjectdirective social supportnb_NO
dc.subjectnondirective social supportnb_NO
dc.subjectsubjective health complaintsnb_NO
dc.subjectjob satisfactionnb_NO
dc.subjectjob demandsnb_NO
dc.subjectjob controlnb_NO
dc.subjectpreschool teachernb_NO
dc.titleDirective and nondirective social support in the workplace - is this social support distinction important for subjective health complaints, job satisfaction, and perception of job demands and job control?nb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.rights.holder© Author(s) 2017nb_NO
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800nb_NO
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Yrkesmedisin: 809nb_NO
dc.source.journalScandinavian Journal of Public Healthnb_NO
cristin.unitnameAL-Idrettsseksjonen - Bergen

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Navngivelse-Ikkekommersiell 4.0 Internasjonal
Med mindre annet er angitt, så er denne innførselen lisensiert som Navngivelse-Ikkekommersiell 4.0 Internasjonal