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dc.contributor.authorRelling, Tore
dc.contributor.authorLützhöft, Margareta
dc.contributor.authorOstnes, Runar
dc.contributor.authorHildre, Hans Petter
dc.identifier.citationRelling, T., Lützhöft, M., Ostnes, R., & Hildre, H. P. (2021). The contribution of Vessel Traffic Services to safe coexistence between automated and conventional vessels. Maritime Policy & Management, 1-20.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe maritime industry could face major changes the coming decade. Technology development opens for new ways of operating vessels and autonomy is argued to revolutionise design and operations. However, despite a large focus on autonomy for several years, no autonomous concepts have become operational. In our paper, we suggest an initial step towards autonomy using unmanned automated vessels. To explore this, we utilize the coherence between the systems thinking and participatory design thinking process. We frame the project to focus on the Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) traffic regulation and organisation measures in a 2025 scenario. The study shows that the standardisation of traffic would be beneficial for the present MTS with only conventional vessels, it will be a prerequisite for a future MTS with automated vessels. Further, we identify that the VTS need to change their role from solving situations ad-hoc to assume a tactical responsibility in traffic planning and to resolve situations at an earlier stage. A prototype of the future MTS shows that the identified challenges are considered possible to solve within a short time frame and is summed up in one statement from a plenary discussion: ‘this is not difficult, we could do it tomorrow’.en_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectVessel Traffic Services (VTS)en_US
dc.subjectMaritime Traffic System (MTS)en_US
dc.subjectautomated vesselsen_US
dc.subjectsystems thinkingen_US
dc.subjectparticipatory designen_US
dc.titleThe contribution of Vessel Traffic Services to safe coexistence between automated and conventional vesselsen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2021 The Author(s)en_US
dc.source.journalMaritime Policy & Managementen_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal