Distribution line parameter estimation driven by probabilistic data fusion of D-PMU and AMI
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionXiao, M., Xie, W., Fang, C., Wang, S., Li, Y., Liu, S., . . . Arghandeh, R. (2021). Distribution line parameter estimation driven by probabilistic data fusion of D‐PMU and AMI. IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, 15(20), 2883-2892. 10.1049/gtd2.12224
This paper proposes a novel distribution line parameter estimation method, driven by the probabilistic data fusion of the distributed phasor measurement unit (D-PMU) and the advanced measurement infrastructure. The synchronized and high-precision D-PMU is utilized to tackle the challenge risen by the a-synchronization of smart meters. Correspondingly, a time-alignment algorithm is proposed to obtain the time-synchronous error (TSE) dataset for the up-stream smart meter. The non-parametric estimation method is performed then to evaluate the probabilistic density curve of TSE. Furthermore, TSE data of down-stream smart meters are generated by implementing the acceptance-rejection process based on the obtained probabilistic density curve. Leveraging the generated TSE dataset, a new time-shifted D-PMU curve is probabilistically aligned or fused with the down-stream advanced measurement infrastructure curves. According to the complete voltage drop model, the line parameter estimation of resistance and reactance is formulated as a quadratic programming problem and solved by Optimal Toolbox in MATLAB by conducting multi-run Monte-Carlo simulations under various scenarios. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed methodology.