In or out of school? : meaningful output with digital and non-digital artefacts within personal english learning ecologies
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionCabot, M. (2016). In or out of school? Meaningful output with digital and non-digital artefacts within personal english learning ecologies. Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, 11(3), 165-184. 10.18261/issn.1891-943x-2016-03-03
This paper integrates ecological perspectives with language development theories to elucidate students' self-perceived learning trajectories. It presents data from focus, in-depth and member checking interviews with three boys and three girls. The findings show low English as a foreign language (EFL) written output and improved oral output in school (girls) and outside school (boys). It is of particular interest to describe which digital and non-digital experiences students regard as ecological transitions, and to what extent schooling is complementary and compensatory.