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dc.contributor.authorSöderlund, Göran
dc.contributor.authorBjörk, Christer
dc.contributor.authorGustafsson, Peik
dc.identifier.citationSöderlund, G. B. W., Björk, C. & Gustafsson, P. (2016). Comparing auditory noise treatment with stimulant medication on cognitive task performance in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Results from a pilot study. Frontiers in Psychology, 7.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractBackground: Recent research has shown that acoustic white noise (80 dB) can improve task performance in people with attention deficits and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This is attributed to the phenomenon of stochastic resonance in which a certain amount of noise can improve performance in a brain that is not working at its optimum. We compare here the effect of noise exposure with the effect of stimulant medication on cognitive task performance in ADHD. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of auditory noise exposure with stimulant medication for ADHD children on a cognitive test battery. A group of typically developed children (TDC) took the same tests as a comparison. Methods: Twenty children with ADHD of combined or inattentive subtypes and twenty TDC matched for age and gender performed three different tests (word recall, spanboard and n-back task) during exposure to white noise (80 dB) and in a silent condition. The ADHD children were tested with and without central stimulant medication. Results: In the spanboard- and the word recall tasks, but not in the 2-back task, white noise exposure led to significant improvements for both non-medicated and medicated ADHD children. No significant effects of medication were found on any of the three tasks. Conclusion: This pilot study shows that exposure to white noise resulted in a task improvement that was larger than the one with stimulant medication thus opening up the possibility of using auditory noise as an alternative, non-pharmacological treatment of cognitive ADHD symptoms.nb_NO
dc.publisherFrontiers Media S.A.nb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectwhite noisenb_NO
dc.subjectstimulant medicationnb_NO
dc.subjectcognitive performancenb_NO
dc.subjectstochastic resonancenb_NO
dc.titleComparing auditory noise treatment with stimulant medication on cognitive task performance in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Results from a pilot studynb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2016 Söderlund, Björk and Gustafsson.nb_NO
dc.source.journalFrontiers in Psychologynb_NO
cristin.unitnameAvdeling for lærarutdanning og idrett - Sogn og Fjordane

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal