• Breathing patterns in people with exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction 

      Lie, Astrid Haugen; Grønnevik, Ingvild; Frisk, Bente; Røksund, Ola Drange; Hammer, Ida; Vollsæter, Maria; Halvorsen, Thomas; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is common, but we lack readily available diagnostic tools. The larynx represents an important point of resistance in the airways, and we therefore hypothesized that EILO is ...
    • Bronchial hyper-responsiveness after preterm birth 

      Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Engeseth, Merete Salveson; Vollsæter, Maria; Kotecha, Sailesh; Halvorsen, Thomas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Being born preterm often adversely affects later lung function. Airway obstruction and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) are common findings. Respiratory symptoms in asthma and in lung disease after preterm birth might ...
    • Children born preterm at the turn of the millennium had better lung function than children born similarly preterm in the early 1990s 

      Vollsæter, Maria; Skromme, Kaia; Satrell, Emma Elsa Carolina; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Røksund, Ola Drange; Øymar, Knut; Markestad, Trond; Halvorsen, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      OBJECTIVE: Compare respiratory health in children born extremely preterm (EP) or with extremely low birthweight (ELBW) nearly one decade apart, hypothesizing that better perinatal management has led to better outcome. ...
    • Clinical responses following inspiratory muscle training in exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction 

      Sandnes, Astrid; Andersen, Tiina Maarit; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Hilland, Magnus; Heimdal, John-Helge; Halvorsen, Thomas; Røksund, Ola Drange; Vollsæter, Maria (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Purpose Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is relatively common in young people. Treatment rests on poor evidence; however, inspiratory muscle training (IMT) has been proposed a promising strategy. We aimed to ...
    • Conundrums in the breathless athlete; exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction or asthma? 

      Jansrud, Ida; Halvorsen, Thomas; Vollsæter, Maria; Hilland, Magnus; Heimdal, John-Helge; Røksund, Ola Drange; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Purpose Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) and exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) are the two disorders commonly considered when athletes complain of exertional dyspnea. They are highly different but ...
    • Exercise induced laryngeal obstructions in humans and equines. A comparative review 

      Fretheim-Kelly, Zoe Louise; Halvorsen, Thomas; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Roksund, Ola Drange; Heimdal, John-Helge; Vollsæter, Maria; Fintl, Constanze; Strand, Eric (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Dynamic obstructions of the larynx are a set of disorders that occur during exercise in equines and humans. There are a number of similarities in presentation, diagnosis, pathophysiology and treatment. Both equines and ...
    • Exercise inducible laryngeal obstruction: diagnostics and management 

      Røksund, Ola Drange; Heimdal, John-Helge; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Vollsæter, Maria; Halvorsen, Thomas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Obstruction of the central airways is an important cause of exercise-induced inspiratory symptoms (EIIS) in young and otherwise healthy individuals. This is a large, heterogeneous and vastly understudied group of patients. ...
    • Exercise related respiratory problems in the young—Is it exercise-induced bronchoconstriction or laryngeal obstruction? 

      Vollsæter, Maria; Stensrud, Trine; Maat, Robert; Halvorsen, Thomas; Røksund, Ola Drange; Sandnes, Astrid; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Complaints of breathlessness during heavy exercise is common in children and adolescents, and represent expressions of a subjective feeling that may be difficult to verify and to link with specific diagnoses through objective ...
    • Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction in athletes treated with inspiratory muscle training 

      Sandnes, Astrid; Andersen, Tiina Maarit; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Hilland, Magnus; Vollsæter, Maria; Heimdal, John-Helge; Eide, Geir Egil; Halvorsen, Thomas; Røksund, Ola Drange (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is common in athletes and presents with dyspnoea, chest tightness, inspiratory stridor and sometimes panic reactions. The evidence for conservative treatment is weak, ...
    • Exercise-induced Laryngeal Obstruction: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Treatment Trial 

      Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Røksund, Ola Drange; Andersen, Tiina Maarit; Heimdal, John-Helge; Karlsen, Tom; Hilland, Magnus; Fretheim-Kelly, Zoe; Hufthammer, Karl Ove; Sandnes, Astrid; Hjelle, Sigrun Margrethe; Vollsæter, Maria; Halvorsen, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Background: Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is a common cause of exertional breathing problems in young individuals, caused by paradoxical inspiratory adduction of laryngeal structures, and diagnosed by ...
    • Left vocal cord paralysis, lung function and exercise capacity in young adults born extremely preterm with a history of neonatal patent ductus arteriosus surgery—A national cohort study 

      Engan, Mette; Engeset, Merete Salveson; Sandvik, Lorentz; Gamlemshaug, Ole C.O.; Engesæter, Ingvild Øvstebø; Øymar, Knut Asbjørn Alexander; Vollsæter, Maria; Røksund, Ola Drange; Hufthammer, Karl Ove; Halvorsen, Thomas; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Background: Left vocal cord paralysis (LVCP) is a known complication of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) surgery in extremely preterm (EP) born neonates; however, consequences of LVCP beyond the first year of life are ...
    • Reliability of translaryngeal airway resistance measurements during maximal exercise 

      Fretheim-Kelly, Zoe; Engan, Mette; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Andersen, Tiina Maarit; Heimdal, John-Helge; Strand, Eric; Halvorsen, Thomas; Røksund, Ola Drange; Vollsæter, Maria (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Objective Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction is an important cause of exertional dyspnoea. The diagnosis rests on visual judgement of relative changes of the laryngeal inlet during continuous laryngoscopy exercise (CLE) ...
    • Self-Reported Health in Adolescents With Exercise-Induced Laryngeal Obstruction; A Cross-Sectional Study 

      Benestad, Merete R.; Drageset, Jorunn; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Røksund, Ola Drange; Vollsæter, Maria; Halvorsen, Thomas; Hysing, Mari; Vederhus, Bente Johanne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Background: Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is common in young people with exertional breathing difficulties. Psychological characteristics have been proposed as underlying contributors; however, the evidence ...
    • Severe exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction treated with supraglottoplasty 

      Sandnes, Astrid; Hilland, Magnus; Vollsæter, Maria; Andersen, Tiina Maarit; Engesæter, Ingvild Øvstebø; Sandvik, Lorentz; Heimdal, John-Helge; Halvorsen, Thomas; Eide, Geir Egil; Røksund, Ola Drange; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Introduction: Exercise induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is relatively common in adolescents, with symptoms often confused with exercise induced asthma. EILO often starts with medial or inward rotation of supraglottic ...
    • Tracking of lung function from 10 to 35 years after being born extremely preterm or with extremely low birth weight 

      Bårdsen, Tonje; Røksund, Ola Drange; Benestad, Merete; Hufthammer, Karl Ove; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Mikalsen, Ingvild Bruun; Øymar, Knut Asbjørn Alexander; Markestad, Trond Jacob; Halvorsen, Thomas; Vollsæter, Maria (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Background Lifelong pulmonary consequences of being born extremely preterm or with extremely low birth weight remain unknown. We aimed to describe lung function trajectories from 10 to 35 years of age for individuals born ...
    • Ventilatory efficiency in children and adolescents born extremely preterm 

      Hestnes, Julie; Hoel, Hedda Benedicte; Risa, Ole J.; Romstøl, Hanna O.; Røksund, Ola Drange; Frisk, Bente; Thorsen, Einar; Halvorsen, Thomas; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Purpose: Children and adolescents born extremely preterm (EP) have lower dynamic lung volumes and gas transfer capacity than subjects born at term. Most studies also report lower aerobic capacity. We hypothesized that ...
    • Voice and Exercise Related Respiratory Symptoms in Extremely Preterm Born Children After Neonatal Patent Ductus Arteriosus 

      Engeseth, Merete Salveson; Engan, Mette; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Vollsæter, Maria; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Markestad, Trond Jacob; Halvorsen, Thomas; Røksund, Ola Drange (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Objective: To investigate voice characteristics and exercise related respiratory symptoms in extremely preterm born 11-year-old children, focusing particularly on associations with management of a patent ductus arteriosus ...